In return, the host gives lucky money to show their gratitude.

The early form of the Mid-Autumn Festival was derived from the custom of moon worship during the Zhou Dynasty over 3,000 years ago.

[52] The Binara Full Moon Poya Day and Vap Full Moon Poya Day occur around the time of the Mid-Autumn Festival and like other Buddhist Asian countries, the festivals celebrate the ascendance and culmination of the Buddha's visit to heaven and for the latter, the acknowledgement of the cultivation season known as "Maha". Although the legend explains the beginnings of mooncake-giving, its popularity and ties to the festival began during the Song dynasty (906–1279 CE).[10]. The revolt was a success and the government overthrown.

The Japanese moon viewing festival, o-tsukimi (お月見, "Moon viewing"), is also held at this time.

In return, the Emperor gave him a magic pill that …

From then on, sacrificing to the moon was very popular, and has become a custom ever since. Cambodians would also make homemade lanterns that are usually made into the shape of the lotus flowers or other more modern designs. By Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911 AD), Mid-Autumn Festival had become one of the main festivals in China alongside New Year’s Day, on which every family would worship the moon with various sacrifices to celebrate it. Copyright © 1998-2020 All rights reserved. Mid-Autumn Festival at the Botanical Garden. [37], Many festivals revolving around a full moon are also celebrated in Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. History The early form of the Mid-Autumn Festival was derived from the custom of moon worship during the Zhou Dynasty over 3,000 years ago.

These games relate to flights of the soul, spirit possession, or fortunetelling.

These beliefs made it popular among women to worship and give offerings to the moon on this evening. In ancient China, most emperors worshiped the moon annually.

Since she loved her husband and hoped to live nearby, she chose the moon for her residence. [12], Aside from the story of Chang'e (Vietnamese: Hằng Nga), there are two other popular folktales associated with the festival. This incredible feat.

[53][54][55], The Mid-Autumn festival is named "Tết Trung Thu" in Vietnamese. But today the lantern has come to symbolize the festival itself. They drank and appreciated the bright moon. See how we celebrate Chinese New  Year. It is also celebrated by Malayali diaspora around the world.

This date varies from year to year according to the Gregorian calendar, but usually lands in September or early October.

Then the custom was accepted by the masses and became more and more popular over time.

[30] However, as environmental protection has become a concern of the public in recent years, many mooncake manufacturers in Hong Kong have adopted practices to reduce packaging materials to practical limits. [20] In addition to carrying lanterns, the children also don masks. An immortal admired Yi and sent him the elixir of immortality. Why does this festival celebrate the moon? [28] One of the first decorations purchased for the celebration table is a clay statue of the Jade Rabbit.

“when people learned of this story, they burnt incense on a long altar and prayed to Chang ‘e, now the goddess of the moon, for luck and safety. Pok San Ngau Tsai was a celebration event of Kwong Sin Festival, people would gather around to watch it. The tradition of eating mooncakes during the festival began in the Yuan Dynasty (1279 – 1368), a dynasty ruled by the Mongols. Today, it is still an occasion for outdoor reunions among friends and relatives to eat mooncakes and watch the moon, a symbol of harmony and unity. [20], In its most ancient form, the evening commemorated the dragon who brought rain for the crops. [10][11] For the Baiyue peoples, the harvest time commemorated the dragon who brought rain for the crops.

Houyi was so angry when discovered that Chang'e took the elixir, he shot at his wife as she flew toward the moon, though he missed.

The festival is held on the 15th day of the 8th month of the Chinese lunisolar calendar with a full moon at night, corresponding to mid-September to early October of the Gregorian calendar. [10] Over time, a greater variety of lanterns could be found as local cultures became influenced by their neighbors. But at that time the term was only related to the time and season; the festival didn't exist at that point. The word “Mid-Autumn” was first seen in the “Book of Rites” written in Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD). The festival celebrates three fundamental concepts that are closely connected: Traditions and myths surrounding the festival are formed around these concepts,[10] although traditions have changed over time due to changes in technology, science, economy, culture, and religion. Then the custom was accepted by the masses and became more and more popular over time.

It falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month when the moon is believed to be the fullest and roundest.Members of the family gather together for a reunion dinner and to appreciate the moon while eating moon-cakes of various flavors.

In Vietnam, cakes and fruits are not only consumed, but elaborately prepared as food displays.

It is the second-most important holiday after the Chinese New Year with a history dating back 3,000 years, when China's emperors worshipped the moon for bountiful harvests. The Mid-Autumn Festival is arguably the second most important holiday on the Chinese calendar. The Mid-Autumn Festival takes place on the evening of the full moon between September 8 and October 7. Pairs of lovers would go off to a quiet place to open their hearts to each other. According to Lemei, "The round moon cakes are symbols of the great family reunion just like the round." If the host consents, the "lion" will come in and start dancing as a blessing of luck and fortune for the home. [3] Another tradition involving lanterns is to write riddles on them and have other people try to guess the answers (simplified Chinese: 灯谜; traditional Chinese: 燈謎; pinyin: dēng mí; lit. Sometimes if Mid-Autumn Festival is near National Day, Mid-Autumn Festival may be in the golden week. Onam is a major annual event for Malayali people in and outside Kerala. The custom of offering sacrifices to the moon originated from worshiping the moon goddess, and it was recorded that kings offered sacrifices to the moon in fall during the Western Zhou Dynasty (1045 – 770 BC). Work for Us, call us at: 86-773-286-5632 (Intl rates apply), © All Rights Reserved,Chinatravel.com® is a registered trademark, Tips for Traveling During the Mid-Autumn Festival, Top Places to Celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival in Other Asian Countries, 1-Day Suzhou and Tongli Water Town Tour from Shanghai. There are a number of festive activities such as lighting lanterns, but mooncakes are the most important feature there.

Just Ask Sum-m! [19] Because of strict controls upon Han Chinese families imposed by the Mongols in which only 1 out of every 10 households was allowed to own a knife guarded by a Mongolian guard, this coordinated message was important to gather as many available weapons as possible.

Eventually the celebration came to symbolize a reverence for fertility, with prayers given for bountiful harvests, increase in livestock, and human babies. [10] Hong Kong fishermen during the Qing dynasty, for example, would put up lanterns on their boats for the Ghost Festival and keep the lanterns up until Mid-Autumn Festival. [38][39], In Cambodia, it is more commonly called "The Water and Moon Festival" Bon Om Touk. Those who performed poorly were sidelined until one young man and one young woman remained, after which they would win prizes as well as entertain matrimonial prospects. Ancient Chinese emperors worshiped the harvest moon in autumn, as they believed that the practice would bring them a plentiful harvest the following year. [10], In Vietnam, children participate in parades in the dark under the full moon with lanterns of various forms, shapes, and colors. The second emperor of Tang Dynasty, Li Shimin, inherited the tradition of worshipping the moon on Mid-Autumn Festival.Later two new festivals were set closely, and there were three festivals in one month, which wasted manpower and money when the economy had begun to decline when his son was in the crown. People promoted many different activities to celebrate it, such as burning pagodas and performing the fire dragon dance. They drank and appreciated the bright moon.

Sharad Purnima is a harvest festival celebrated on the full moon day of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin (September–October), marking the end of the monsoon season. [22] The senior person in that household would cut the mooncakes into pieces and distribute them to each family member, signifying family reunion. Incense and candles light up the lanterns and Cambodians make prayers and then send if off into the river for their wishes and prayers to be heard and granted. It is a harvest festival, one of three major annual Hindu celebrations along with Vishu and Thiruvathira, and it is observed with numerous festivities. In the Northern Song Dynasty (960–1279 AD), the 15th day of the 8th lunar month was established as the "Mid-Autumn Festival".

Well-dressed visitors could visit to observe the daughter's handiwork as an indication of her capabilities as a wife in the future. [50], In Sri Lanka, a full moon day is known as Poya and each full moon day is a public holiday. However, Peng Meng, one of his apprentices, knew this secret.

Best Places to Celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival in China, Interesting Things about the Mid-Autumn Festival.

Groups would assemble in a courtyard and exchange verses of song while gazing at the moon.

According to legends, the festival is celebrated to commemorate King Mahabali, whose spirit is said to visit Kerala at the time of Onam.

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