[27] The English terms Holy Spirit and Holy Ghost have identical meanings, with the former having become the usual term in the 20th century. [8] In the New Testament Theos, Kyrios and Patēr (πατήρ i.e. [19][20][21] The name Jesus is given in Luke 1:31 and Matthew 1:21 and in both cases the name is not selected by humans but is received by angelic messages with theological significance, e.g. [6], Other prayers in various Christian traditions have continued to refer to the name of God, e.g. the Sanctus (which may go back to the year 200) states: "Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord". [2] This is reflected in the first petition in the Lord's Prayer addressed to God the Father: "Hallowed be Thy Name". with Jesus' instruction to His disciples at the end of the Gospel of Matthew (28:19):"make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit". [4], In John 12:27 Jesus submits a petition to the Father and receives a response:[7], The first glorification refers to Matthew 3:17: "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." [12] In the same sense as the substitution of Adonai, the Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Bible to Greek mainly used the word Kyrios (Greek: Κύριος, meaning 'lord') for YHWH. Studying the names of God is one of the most uplifting Bible adventures a Christian can explore. Latin inscription of Philippians 2:10: "At the name of Jesus every knee should bow", Church of the Gesù, Rome. [30], Although in some modern cultures names are simply labels and designators that distinguish one item from another, in Christian theology the names of God have always had much deeper meaning and significance. [8] Scripture presents many references to the names for God, but the key names in the Old Testament are: God the High and Exalted One, El-Shaddai and Jehovah.

[8], The Old Testament usually uses the name of God in the singular (e.g. [9][10] Similarly, El Shaddai, derived from "shad" i.e.

[1][9] Elyon refers to elevation and being exalted.

[32], Going back to Church Fathers such as Cyril of Alexandria, in Christian teachings the name of God has been seen as a representation of the entire system of "divine truth" revealed to the faithful "that believe on his name" as in John 1:12 or "walk in the name of the Lord our God" in Micah 4:5. 20:7 or Ps. [32], The Lord's Prayer, in Matthew 6:9, 1500, Vienna. [9], Yahweh is the principal name in the Old Testament by which God reveals himself and is the most sacred, distinctive and incommunicable name of God. [4], Going back to the Church Fathers, the name of God has been seen as a representation of the entire system of "divine truth" revealed to the faithful "that believe on his name" as in John 1:12 or "walk in the name of the LORD our God" in Micah 4:5. [23], The names of the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit are inherently related in the New Testament, e.g. [1][10], The traditions and the hymnody of Christian liturgy have for long emphasized the importance of acting in the name of God, e.g. [7] However, general references to the name of God may branch to other special forms which express his multifaceted attributes. [10] Thus Jehovah was obtained by adding the vowels of Adonai to the consonants of YHWH. [4], John 12:28 presents the sacrifice of Jesus the Lamb of God, and the ensuing salvation delivered through it as the glorification of the name of God, with the voice from Heaven confirming Jesus' petition ("Father, glorify thy name") by saying: "I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again" referring to the Baptism and crucifixion of Jesus. The pronouncement "I Am that I Am" in Exodus 3:14, in rabbinical scholarship taken as a gloss on the meaning of the Tetragrammaton, was in Hellenistic Judaism rendered as ἐγώ εἰμί ὁ ὢν. [7], The simplest form by which God is referred to in the Old Testament is El[9][10][11] (see proper names of earlier Canaanite gods). Robin W. Lovin, Foreword to the English translation of Karl Barth's, Gregory of Nyssa, "Hallowed be Thy Name, Thy Kingdom Come", Sermon 3, in, Prise de Jérusalem par Hérode le Grand.jpg, Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament, "The Divine Name That Will Endure Forever", http://web.archive.org/web/20080411010047/http://watchtower.org/e/na/, "Preface to the New American Standard Bible", http://web.archive.org/web/20061207004013/http://www.bible-researcher.com/nasb-preface.html, https://religion.wikia.org/wiki/Names_of_God_in_Christianity?oldid=242420. [1], Yahweh is the principal name in the Old Testament by which God reveals himself and is the most sacred, distinctive and incommunicable name of God. [12] Jehovah appears in Tyndale's Bible, the King James Version, and other translations from that time period and later. the statement in Matthew 1:21 "you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save his people from their sins" associates salvific attributes to the name Jesus. 8:1), generally using the terms in a very general sense rather than referring to any special designation of God. [7], The Bible usually uses the name of God in the singular (e.g. [10] Jehovah appears in Tyndale's Bible, the King James Version, and other translations from that time period and later. [31] Christian teachings view this commandment as not simply an avoidance of the use of the name of God, but as a directive to exalt it, through both pious deeds and praise. Elohim (singular Eloah) is likely derived from the same root and points to God as being strong and mighty, able to judge and to strike fear.

[12] The English form Jehovah was formed during the Middle Ages by combining the Latinization of the four consonants YHWH with the vowel points that Masoretes used to indicate that the reader should say Adonai when YHWH was encountered.

.

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